NCRB was set up in the year 1986 vide MHA Resolution No.24013/13/85-GPA.IV dated 11th March, 1986 with the objective to function as a clearing house of information on crime and criminals including those operating at national and international level so as to assist investigators and others by linking crime to the perpetrators, collection and processing of crime statistics and finger prints, coordinate, guide and assist the State Crime Records Bureaux and provide training to police officers. The other objectives which have been supplemented over the years are to prepare an enabling Information Technology. environment – policy framework, guidelines, architecture, best practices for police forces through out the country and to lead and coordinate development of I.T. products and build a national resource center of I.T. solutions for police organizations.
NCRB is headed by Director who is in the rank of Inspector General of Police. It has four Deputy Directors in the rank of DIGs. It has a sanctioned strength of 405 personnel of whom about 42% are I.T. and electronic data processing personnel, 17% are Finger Print personnel and the rest are Police executive and supporting staff.
The major activities of NCRB include System Development; National Projects; Public Interface; Implementation & Maintenance; Publications; Training; Compilation, Coordination & Dissemination of Crime-Criminal Information; Fingerprint Analysis, Expert Opinion & Training; and Assistance in Police Modernisaton Schemes.
The following National Projects have been entrusted to NCRB for implementation and monitoring:-
- Crime Criminal Information System (CCIS)
- Organised Crime Intelligence System (OCIS) – Pilot Stage
- Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) (Developed and being implemented by NIC; coordination and monitoring by NCRB)
Crime-Criminal Information System (CCIS)
CCIS is a national project of sharable database on crime and criminals at District, State and National level for assisting investigating and supervising officers and police planners to formulate crime-control strategies. It has been upgraded to CCIS MLe in the year 2005 as multi-lingual application with facility for 6 languages i.e. Marathi, Gujarati, Tamil, Kannada and Gurmukhi besides English and Hindi. The application has been web-enabled so that field level investigating and supervisory officers can access the CCIS databases at national and State levels through internet anywhere – anytime.
Organised Crime Intelligence System (OCIS)
OCIS aims to create a comprehensive database in respect of terrorists / underworld elements and organized criminals for effective coordination of activities and sharing of data and preparation of background files on such organized criminals / gangs. The OCIS has been started on pilot basis in 8 States for crimes of ‘automobile thefts’ and ‘trafficking in women and children for prostitution and maid services’.
Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA)
This project is aimed at building in a planned manner infrastructure and mechanism to provide the basis for evolution for Crime and Criminal Information System based on Cr.PC which is uniform across the country from Police Station level onwards. It is being implemented by NIC and coordination and monitoring is being done by NCRB. 10% Police Stations (about 1400 Police Stations) are being covered throughout the country in the first phase. 30% Police Stations will be covered in second phase and remaining in final phase. It has been implemented in all the Police Stations of Delhi.
NCRB publishes four major annual reports viz. Crime in India, Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India, Prison Statistics, India and Fingerprint in India. NCRB Gazette is also published on quarterly basis. Crime in India is the most important publication of NCRB which started in 1953. This is a comprehensive compendium of crimes committed under IPC and various special and local laws in the country during the year. The Issue of Crime in India, 2005 has been published in the month of August, 2006.
Motor Vehicle Coordination System
Motor Vehicle Coordination system is designed for coordination of stolen and recovered motor vehicles as well as inquiries relating to these. Total 32 counters across the country including NCRB Headquarters are providing this service direct to public on payment of Rs.10/- as fee. This service has been made web-enabled which will facilitate the Police personnel and public to make inquiries through internet.
Wanted – Arrested (TALASH) System
Wanted – Arrested (TALASH) system is designed for matching of missing, kidnapped, wanted, traced, arrested persons, unidentified persons and dead bodies. The system is operational at NCRB Headquarters.
Counterfeit Currency Information System
Counterfeit Currency Information System maintains data relating to counterfeit currency recovered by RBI branches and seized by Police according to denominations, series and numbers, etc.
NCRB is running a number of specialized courses on I.T. and Fingerprint Science for Indian and foreign Police officers. The courses for foreign Police officers are “I.T. in Law Enforcement” and “Advanced Fingerprint Science and Computers”.
Central Finger Print Bureau
The Central Finger Print Bureau (CFPB) came into existence in the year 1955. CFPB has done pioneering work in automation of fingerprints at national level using Automated Fingerprint Identification System. It is a computerized system of matching fingerprints on the basis of ridge–characteristics. It is operational at NCRB and 19 States. Ten Digit Finger Print databases of convicted and arrested persons are maintained.
NCRB has been awarded ISO 9001:2000 on 8th March, 2004 for quality management system. NCRB has adopted for itself the quality policy according to which it shall endeavour to empower Indian Police with Information Technology and Criminal Intelligence to enable them to effectively and efficiently enforce the law and improve public service delivery. This shall be achieved through coordination with Police Forces at national and international level, upgradation of crime-analysis technology, developing I.T. capability, I.T. enabled solutions, compliance and continual improvement of QMS.