International Cooperation

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International Cooperation

INTRODUCTION

A.  International Cooperation AND VIP SECURITY DIVISION

  • The Division deals with matters relating to policies/coordination in respect of International/Bilateral Security issues such as Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty, Agreement/MoU on security related matters, security issues pertaining to SAARC, BIMSTEC, ASEAN etc.
  • It also deals with the Coordination in respect of security of VIPs, Vital Installations etc. in the country.
  • The modus operandi of perpetrators or potential perpetrators of crime, particularly of those engaged in international terrorism, organized crime and illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs etc has evolved and changed with the advancement of technology and has assumed a transnational dimension. Accordingly, the Ministry has entered into and pursued a variety of multilateral/bilateral initiatives on security related issues with various countries to counter transnational crime, terrorism, and other serious offences, such as drug trafficking, money laundering, counterfeit currency, smuggling of arms and explosives etc.

BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL INITIATIVES

  • The legal framework for combating Crime including International terrorism includes Treaties on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters, Memorandum of Understandings/Bilateral Agreements to counter Organized Crimes, Joint Working Groups on Counter Terrorism/International Terrorism which are signed between India and other countries on bi-lateral basis. Such treaties/agreements are with a view to securing bilateral cooperation against various forms of crime like terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, counterfeiting of Indian currency notes.

MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE TREATY IN CRIMINAL MATTERSS

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal Ministry for concluding Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties in Criminal Matters which are designed to facilitate widest measures of mutual assistance in investigation, prosecution and prevention of crime, service of summons and other judicial documents, execution of warrants and other judicial commissions and tracing, restraint, forfeiture or confiscation of proceeds and instruments of crime.
  • These agreements assume importance in combating transnational organized crimes, trans-border terrorism, crimes and other serious offences, such as drug trafficking, money laundering, counterfeit currency, smuggling of arms and explosives, etc. India has so far operationalised these Treaties with the following 34 countries:-
Countries
Australia Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Bulgaria
Bosnia & Herzegovina Canada Egypt France Iran
Kazakhstan Kuwait Malaysia Mauritius Mexico
Myanmar Mongolia Russia Singapore Spain
Sri Lanka South Africa South Korea Switzerland Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom
USA Uzbekistan Vietnam Hongkong SAR  
  • In addition, Treaties with 3 countries, namely, Kyrgyz Republic, Azerbaijan and Indonesia have been signed which are yet to be ratified. These treaties will come into force after completion of ratification process by the signatory countries.
  • Further India along with other SAARC countries has signed a Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters in 2008. India has since ratified the Convention. The Convention will come into force after ratification of the Convention by Nepal, Pakistan and Afganistan. The Convention aims to strengthen regional cooperation in investigation and prosecution of crime.

JOINT WORKING GROUPS (JWGs) ON COUNTER TERRORISM

  • Ministry of External Affairs is the nodal authority for setting up of JWG on Counter Terrorism to exchange information and strengthen international cooperation to combat terrorism and transnational organized crime. PP Division acts as an interface with MEA on issues concerning Joint Working Groups on Counter Terrorism set up between India and other countries to discuss bilateral security issues.

HIGH LEVEL BILATERAL VISITS DURING 2013

  • On 10th January, 2013, Hon’ble Immigration Minister of Canada met Hon’ble Union Home Minister in New Delhi and discussed bilateral security matters of mutual interest.
  • On 23rd January, 2013, Deputy Minister of National Defence of Canada and Deputy Minister of Public Safety of Canada met Union Home Secretary and discussed bilateral security matters between India and Canada.
  • On 4th April2013, a Treaty on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters was signed between India and Azerbaijan in New Delhi. The Treaty was signed by Hon’ble Union Home Minister on behalf of Government of India and by Hon’ble Minister of Justice on behalf of Republic of Azerbaijan.
  • On April 10-12, 2013, Indian delegation led by Hon’ble HM visited Russia and met Government of Russia delegation led by Hon’ble Minister of Internal Security and Hon’ble Minister for Emergency Situation. Discussions were held on bilateral security matters between India and Russia.
  • On 16th April, 2013, a meeting between Hon’ble Minister of Defence, Govt. of Maldives and GOI Delegation, led by Hon’ble Union Home Minister was held in New Delhi. Bilateral security matters were discussed in the meeting.
  • From 20th May to 22nd May, 2013, a GoI Delegation, led by Hon’ble Union Home Minister, visited USA for the second Homeland Security Dialogue between India and USA which was held on 21st May, 2013 in Washington DC between GoI Delegation, led by Hon’ble Union Home Minister and Govt. of USA Delegation led by Hon’ble Secretary, Department of Homeland Security.
  • On June 24, 2013, Acting Deputy Secretary, D/o Homeland Security, Govt. of USA met Hon’ble Union Home Minister and Home Secretary in New Delhi and discussed bilateral security issues between India and USA.

BILATERAL AGREEMENT ON COMBATTING DRUGS AND RELATED MATTERS

  • India has signed bilateral agreements on drug related issues with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Italy, Kuwait, Laos PDR, Mauritius, Myanmar, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkey, UAE, USA and Zambia. Further Memoranda of Understanding on Drug related issues have also been signed by India with Bhutan, Indonesia, Iran, Oman, Pakistan, USA and Vietnam.

INDIA AFRICA FORUM SUMMIT (IAFS)

  • The first IAFS was held in April, 2008. The aim of the Summit was to add substantial content to India’s engagement with Africa and build broad-based and long-standing links with individual African States. The Summit initiative is also in line with India’s need to develop an India-Africa dialogue. The formal outcome document of the Summit was a Declaration and an Action Plan. Ministry of Home Affairs proposed cooperation by way of having bilateral institutional mechanism with African countries apart from building the capacity of their law enforcement officers.

    During the year 2013-2014 the following courses are being held under this programme:-
    (i) Course on Investigation of Economic offences including Cyber Crime was conducted by CBI Academy, Ghaziabad
   (ii)Training of Trainer Programme on Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management conducted by National Institute of Disaster Management, New Delhi
   (iii)Training on Basic Course on Drug Law Enforcement by National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics, Faridabad.

SAARC

  • SAARC was set up in 1985 as an association of States whose aim was to promote the well-being of the population of South Asia and improve their standard of living; to speed up economic growth, social progress and cultural development; to reinforce links between the countries of this area; and, lastly, to promote mutual collaboration and assistance in the economic, social, cultural technical and scientific fields.
  • SAARC is the only regional organization for cooperation in South Asia. It aims to promote peace, trade and development in the region through dialogue and cooperation. The SAARC Secretariat is based in Kathmandu (Nepal).
  • Normally, SAARC Meetings at the level of Home/Interior Ministers/Home Interior Secretaries and Immigration Authorities are held in any one of the SAARC countries annually. These meetings are preceded by SAARC Meetings of STMOD, SDMOD and SAARC Conference on Cooperation in Police Matters. The last such meetings were held in the year 2012 as detailed below:-
    The 5th Meeting of the SAARC Immigration Authorities,5th Meeting of SAARC Interior/Home Secretaries and 5th Meeting of SAARC Interior/Home Ministers were held in Maldives from 24th September to 26th September 2012. The Indian delegation was led by Hon’ble Union Home Minister.
    10th SAARC Conference on Cooperation in Police Matters and Fifth Meetings of SAARC Focal Points of Terrorist Offences Monitoring Desk (STOMD) and SAARC Drug Offences Monitoring Desk (SDOMD) were held from 30th —31st May 2012 in New Delhi, India.

ASEAN

  • Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a group of countries comprising of ten countries namely: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. MLATs with Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam are already in force. Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) in criminal matters has already been signed by India with Indonesia in 2011 which is yet to be ratified by Indonesia.

BIMSTEC

  • Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an International Organization involving a group of countries in South Asia and South East Asia. The Members of this group are: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal. BIMSTEC provides a unique link between South Asia and Southeast Asia in the field of multilateral security cooperation. It seeks to build upon the traditional links amongst its member countries. From time to time the member countries hold meetings on security cooperation intelligence sharing, capacity building etc.

 

 

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